Maori Performing Arts - History
An article giving the history of the Waiata a Ringa - Action Song.
- Traditional period - before the arrival of Cook in 1769
- 1769 - 1814 - Sailor influence
- 1814 - 1870 - Missionary influence - introduction of hymns and learning to play musical instruments
- 1870 - 1930 - Secular period era of the concert party and the development of the waiata a ringa. 1911 saw Maggie Papakura and a large Te Arawa Troupe tour successfully toured Great Britian, complete with a carved meeting house. In 1900´s a feeling of optimism came and so Maori music changed. It lost the nostalgic feeling for the past and lively tunes became increasingly popular. WW1 inspired many farewells, love songs.
- 1930 - 1965 - WWII also produced its crop of songs in response to the time. During this period of sudden change, new ideas and short lived fashions in jazz, swing, and rock and roll, Maori music reflected this.
- 1965 - present - The Aotearoa Traditional Maori Performing Arts Festival came into being as a result of a decision that the Maori Purposes Fund Board made on the 11 August 1964. It was not until 1972 that the first festival was held, with the aim to encourage Maori to write their own music. Today the festival is still alive and strong, competition is fierce and originality is strong.