for providing this information.
Every tree in the world will fall into one of two wood type categories - hard wood or soft wood Hard wood
All native hard wood is slow growing producing growth rings close together, making the wood dense and heavy. These type of woods were mainly used for weapons, building structures and utensils that were required to last a long time. The following is a short list of native hard woods
- Akeake - the hardest of all natives and a nightmare for a bushman and his chain saw
- Maire - the second hardest wood and the favourite kai of the huhu.
- Manuka and kanuka (yes, they are different!?) - mainly used for palisading
- Rata, Rimu, Puriri, Matai and many more
Soft wood is the opposite of hard wood, fast growing, growth rings wide apart and light. This type of wood was mainly used for waka taua (war canoe) large, decorative carvings like poupou (wall carvings) as well as the carvings on the front of whare hui (meeting houses). The following is a short list of native soft woods
- Kauri - The hugest native tree of all the forests. (Grows over 200 ft) It is also the oldest, maturing at about 2000+ years. Swamp kauri is still found and carved today. From being buried amongst the minerals in the ground, when it is carved, it has a natural sheen of its own - provided by Papatuanuku. Kauri is also a soft white pine
- Totara - Is a soft red pine. Growing to 150ft with 800 years until full maturity. Totara burl is the rarest wood. It is produced by bad growth years and only the totara produces it
- Kahikatea - The tallest (250ft) and the most emergent tree. This is also the softest of all the native woods
- Tawa, Miro, Pokutukawa, karaka and many more